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Cervical Cancer

Cervıcal Cancer

Cervical cancer; While it is the fourth most common after breast cancer and colon cancer in women in the world, it is the ninth in our country. Cervical cancer is a cancer with a completely clear cause and is a preventable disease. Risk factors for cervical cancer:Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infectionHaving other sexually transmitted infectionsFirst sexual intercourse at an early age (before age 16)Presence of multiple sexual partnersTobacco useNutritional habits (less consumption of fruits and vegetables increases the risk of cervical cancer)High fertility numberLow socioeconomic levelUse of birth control pills, especially for longer than 5 yearssuppression of the immune system 

Cervical cancer symptoms: Most sexually active men and women can be infected with HPV through skin contact during sexual activity at some point in their lives.Most HPV infections do not cause symptoms or disease and resolve on their own. However, ongoing infection with certain HPV types (mostly 16 and 18) can cause precancerous lesions. If left untreated, these lesions can progress to cervical cancer, but this progression usually takes many years. Symptoms of cervical cancer tend to appear only when the cancer has reached an advanced stage. 

The following symptoms can be seen in cervical cancer: Irregular blood spotting or light bleeding between menstrual periodsSpotting or bleeding after menopause Bleeding after sexual intercoursepain during sexual intercoursePain in the back, legs, or the area of the female genitalsFatigue, weight loss, loss of appetiteIncreased vaginal discharge, sometimes foul-smellingSwelling in one or both legspain when urinating

Diagnosis:Cervical cancer, which can be treated 100 percent with screening and early diagnosis, is far behind among the causes of death from cancer today.It is possible to say that a woman who has cervical cancer screening regularly will not die from cervical cancer. For this reason, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends nationwide screening of cervical cancer in all countries. Cervical cancer is the most common disease associated with HPV. 

Almost all cervical cancers are due to HPV infection. HPV also causes genital and oral cavity cancers in men and women. Detection of HPV indicates early cancer precursor changes in the cervix and facilitates the diagnosis of cancer. Today, HPV tests are included in cervical cancer screening. The HPV test is a test based on the detection of the virus in cervical cells. The Pap smear test, on the other hand, is a test based on the collection and examination of spilled cervical cells. 

HPV and Pap smear tests are extremely simple and painless procedures, and the tests are performed at the same time.According to the national cancer screening standards in our country; Every woman in the 30-65 age group is screened with HPV and Pap smear test every 5 years.

Treatment:In cervical cancer; Different treatment options such as surgery, radiation therapy (radiotherapy) and drug therapy (chemotherapy) are applied. 

Protection:Today, there are vaccines developed against the most cancer-causing types of HPV with high protection. The World Health Organization recommends that girls aged 9-14 be vaccinated against cervical cancer. Having screening tests regularly from the age of 30Education on safe sexUsing condoms during sexual activityMale circumcisionnot smoking eating a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits.

Why Is Cervical Cancer Important? 

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease. Cervical cancer is 100% curable if detected early. Death from cervical cancer can be completely prevented.It can be said that a woman who undergoes regular cervical cancer screening will not die of cervical cancer.