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Laser Eye Surgery

Laser Eye Surgery

Laser eye surgery is popularly known as “eye drawing”. General applications are aimed at solving vision problems such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia (age-related nearsightedness). Laser eye surgery, which can be applied for these reasons and many other reasons, is performed with the advice of a physician after various examination procedures. Some of the points to be considered here are the suitability of the patient’s corneal thickness and shape for treatment. In addition, the patient’s age, health history and visual defect number are also important in deciding whether he is suitable for eye laser surgery.

Laser is an extremely powerful type of light. It is used in many areas of daily life for various purposes such as burning, cutting and evaporation. With the light used for the operation, there is generally no cutting and splitting situation.During the procedure, the patient is asked to look fixedly at a certain point, and an eye drawing operation is performed by sending a laser beam to a certain area on the outer surface of the cornea. Laser eye surgery, popularly known as eye drawing, is basically reshaping the cornea, the transparent layer that filters the light, with the help of laser beam, and eliminating myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia problems with certain conditions. The patient thus obtains clear vision and correct focusing.

Who Can Have Laser Surgery?

• It can be done to people over 18 years old. Because the development has not been completed until this age, there is a possibility of increasing the number of glasses. Therefore, people under the age of 18 are not suitable for the operation.

• It can be applied to patients with suitable corneal thickness. Unlike LASIK and iLASIK laser applications, no touch laser application can also be applied to patients with thin corneal structure.

• It can also be applied to people who have had cataract surgery before and those who have a tear in their retina after providing the appropriate preconditions.

• It can also be applied to patients with astigmatism and hypermetropia that are not excessively high, and myopia patients with high numbers.

• It can be applied to patients who have various scars and stains on the corneal layer. 

What are the Types of Laser Therapy? 

Which type of treatment the patient needs is decided by the doctor as a result of various examinations according to the patient’s general health status, age, vision problem and corneal structure. The most common types of laser eye surgery are:No Touch Laser (TranskPRK)No touch laser can be applied to patients with distance and near vision problems.

 The procedure, which is initiated by dripping anesthetic drops into the eye, lasts from 50 seconds to 1 minute. There is no contact with the eye during the procedure.In addition, it can be applied to people who have had cataract surgery before the no touch laser procedure and are prone to retinal tears, if they have suitable conditions. Finally, it is possible to apply the no touch procedure to patients with thin corneas and steep angles. No touch laser procedure is non-contact, so it does not have the characteristics of surgery. In other words, it is not an application like cataract surgery. 

LASIKThe Lasik method is an extremely reliable method that has been used for years. It starts with anesthetizing the eye tissue through anesthetic drops. In this way, the patient does not feel anything during the operation. A valve is then removed from the cornea using an instrument called a microkeratome. This is called corneal flap creation. The corneal flap is folded back and removed from the area where the laser will be applied. Excimer laser beams are sent to the tissue under the removed part. LASIK method is a suitable method for eliminating myopia and hyperopia problems.

The patient does not feel any pain during the application. Improvement in vision begins to give satisfactory results within 3-5 days. iLASIK (Intralase LASIK)The iLASIK method is performed using wavefront technology and intralase, that is, the bladeless method. Apart from the treatment of myopia, astigmatism and hyperopia, this method is also used in the preparation of the appropriate canal for the rings used in the treatment of keratoconus and in the application of keratoplasty. 

The incision required for LASIK is made with the help of a computer system, with controlled femtosecond rays. With the wavefront technology used in the iLASIK method, it is possible to map the cornea of the patients. In this way, personalized treatment can be applied. Laser treatments, which are used in addition to the correction of vision problems, are applied to eliminate eye dryness, glaucoma, retinal vascular problems. These are applications that are mostly done in the practice environment and in the patient’s chair. 

They are not in the nature of surgery, but in the nature of outpatient treatment.The most common of these treatments are:Laser Treatment for Dry Eyes – IPRThe treatment is carried out in 3-4 sessions with an interval of 15 days. Both eyelids in IPRL treatment