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Smart Lens Surgery

Smart Lens Surgery

Smart lenses, which everyone has been talking about recently, are actually multifocal intraocular lenses called multifocal and trifocal in ophthalmology. These intraocular lenses, which are called “Smart Lens” among the people, have been used for a long time during cataract surgeries for suitable cases. Intraocular lenses are divided into monofocal unifocal, multifocal multifocal and trifocal trifocal. 

Patients who have monofocal single focal lenses in cataract surgery do not generally use distance glasses after surgery, but use glasses for close reading. Those who wear multifocal lenses do not have to wear glasses both far and near. People who wear multifocal lenses in cataract surgery can read books, use computers and watch television without glasses and continue their daily lives without glasses. During the cataract surgery, which lens is suitable for the patient is decided by the doctor according to the structure of the eye by performing detailed examinations during the examination.

What is Smart Lens (Intraocular Lens)?

 Everyone has a natural lens inside the eye. This lens is transparent and elastic. Every time we look near and far, this lens changes shape and focuses on the distance being looked at, thanks to its flexibility. Thus, both far and near can be seen clearly. As the age progresses, the natural lens in our eyes first loses its flexibility, cannot change shape when looking close, and becomes unable to focus close. In further ages, it loses its transparency and cataracts form. 

Our own lens, which usually loses its flexibility after the age of 40, is replaceable with a new one. The artificial lens called Smart Lens (intraocular lens) is put in place of the natural lens, which is deformed by losing its properties. This new lens now has the ability to focus both far, intermediate and near, providing clear vision at any distance. The eye number does not progress again in the patient who is fitted with a Smart Lens (Intraocular Lens). Cataract surgery is performed once and no more cataracts occur in the eye. 

Who can wear Smart Lens?

Generally, people over the age of 40 who have vision problems at a distance or near or both and who want to get rid of their glasses for life are candidates for this operation. The age of onset of cataract has now decreased even earlier due to environmental conditions. Every eye with a multifocal lens can see both far and near. In younger patients, if the eye number is too high to be corrected with laser, Smart Lens treatment can be applied again. If the person has cataracts and wants to see both far and near without glasses after cataract surgery, smart lenses are still the first choice. Smart lenses can be applied to people whose eye number has been corrected with laser before, if they have a problem of not seeing far or near after cataract formation. 

How Does Smart Lens (Intraocular Lens) Operation Happen?

 Both eyes are operated on different days. Depending on the patient’s conditions, a break of a few days or 1 week is taken between the two eyes.The procedure takes about 10 minutes for each eye. The eyes are numbed with eye drops. There is no general anesthesia (except in special cases), stunning or overnight stay in the hospital. It is a painless operation. The natural lens inside the eye is removed and a smart intraocular lens is attached to its socket. 

After the surgery, the eye is covered with a bandage, the patient goes home, the eye remains closed with tape that night, and the bandage is opened by the physician the next day during the control. The patient starts to see on the same day and returns to his normal life. The same procedures are applied to the other eye within a few days. Apart from the use of drops for a while, weekly and monthly checks are made. 

What is the Importance of Multifocal Lenses, namely Smart Lenses? 

They provide clear vision in the eyes at near, far and intermediate distances and are known as lifetime smart lenses. The most important feature of smart lenses is the clarity they provide at intermediate distance.Clear vision is also obtained at distances where visual quality should be the most important, such as computer usage distance, television viewing distance, and the distance to reach the kitchen counter. 

The quality and type of the intraocular lens placed in the eye determines the postoperative eye health and visual quality of the patients. It helps to eliminate post-operative visual disturbances along with cataracts. There are special types for myopia-hypermetropia-astigmatism disorders and eye structure of the person’s eye. A clear vision is provided in the eye.